Early Civilizations (5th period A) (Mesopotamia (Interactions (Used reeds…
Early Civilizations (5th period A)
Used reeds to build structures
Used rivers for agricultural purposes
Fertile region between tigris and Euphrates Rivers.
Polytheistic belief system
Rituals and ceremonies took place
People believed in multiple gods
Government kings ruled
King Hummurabi established the first Babylonian empire
Law- Code Hammurabi
Primarily trade and commerce led to development of economics
Economic depended on where people were located
Silver rings were used in Mesopotamia as currency.
Organization: officials, merchants, slaves
Women were not represented as much as today
Upper, middle & lower classes
Mud blocks for housing and pyramids
Large scale architecture
The Ebers Papyrus
was a medical doccument
Ancient Egyptian religion
Tyranny for pharaoh
Conquered by Alexander the Great 400 B.C.E.
Pharaoh appointed through birthright
Traded gold, spices, grain
used non coin form of silver and gold as curency
Use of Nile River
Woman, though still oppressed, had more opportunities in life than other civilization at this time.
According to the class someone was part of, they could read or not.
emperors ruled everything
cowride shells as money
Silk traded for for goods and services
Indus River Valley
didn't grow rice that well
Indus houses had flat roofs
grew cotton in the summer
religion- hinduism, buddhism, jainism
believed river had healing powers
also believed if you saw a dog while sick you would heal
karma was a big role in law
Two major cities of the Indus Valley Civilization: Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro.
Theocracy government - run by a priest
had traders and craftsmen
cotton was an important product
currency was traded goods instead of money
women and men were valued equally
either low or high class from birth
five levels of classes: brahmins-priests, kshatriyas-warriors and rulers, vaisyas-skilled traders, sudras-unskilled workers, pariah-outcasts