P6 Science Mindmap Created by Kagi
P6 Science Mindmap
Created by Kagi
Living and Non-living Things
Things around us are grouped into these two
Alive - Living things and vice versa
Living things need air, food and water to survive and will die quickly otherwise and vice versa for the non-living
Living things can grow and vice versa
Living things can respond to changes, and vice versa
Living things can reproduce, and no, your chair is not able to make offspring
Groups of Living Things?
Make their own food
Can move parts by themselves but not from place to place
Eat other living things for food
Can move from place to place
Get food from zombie- uh, the dead, decaying or waste matter
Can move some parts themselves but cannot move from place to place. Sorry. Toad.
According to shape. colour, texture, and properties
Can make their own food
Where do they grow?
Places like fields, forests etc
Can be classified based on this; land and water plants
Produce flowers when they are adult plants
These can produce seeds
May not always bear flowers
Cannot produce flowers
Usually above ground
Have different shapes, sizes and colours
Only on flowering plants (obviously)
Only on flowering plants
Similarities and differences?
Can be similar/different in the following ways:
How are they different in appearance?
This allows us to identify them.
How are they different in outer covering?
Some have hair, scales, feathers, shells etc
Protect body of animals and other purposes
Keeps them warm
Protects from injuries
Protects from predators
Keep the animals warm
Help them to fly
Protects from injuries and predators
How are they different in reproduction?
Some lay eggs
Some give birth to young
Can live on land and in water
Have thin skin to breathe when moist or in water
Breathe with lungs on land
Have feathers to fly and keep warm
Have a beak, 2 wings and 2 legs
Not all can fly
All live in water
Most have scales
Have fins to help them swim and gills to breathe
Have an exoskeleton to give it shape and protect its soft body
Body divided into 3 parts
Have 3 legs and 2 feelers
Some have wings to fly while some do not
Reproduce by laying eggs
Most give birth to their young
The young feed on their mother's milk
Most live on land
Dry skin with scales
Breathe using lungs
Some have shells for protection
Fungi and Bacteria
What is Fungi?
Fungi is a group of living things found in many places that are cool and moist
Some are very tiny and cannot be seen by the naked eye whilst others are large enough to be seen
Feed on other living things, dead or alive as they break down the matter into simple substances and absorb them
Reproduce through tiny and light spores that are carried by wind
Fungi being useful/harmful to us?
Some mushrooms can be eaten
Yeast is used to make food like bread
Some moulds can be used to make cheese
Penicillin, an antibiotic, derives from Penicillium, a type of mould
Can cause things to spoil
Can grow on living things
What are Bacteria?
Large group of living things that feed on dead or alive living things
Bacteria being useful/harmful to us?
Used to make cheese or yogurt
Can grow on food and spoil it
Can make us ill
Materials are used to make objects around us
Materials are obtained from natural sources like plants
Ability to support a heavy load without breaking or tearing
Can be tested by: trying to break the material with loads or hands
Ability to bend without breaking
Can be tested by: Trying to bend the material with hands
Ability to float or sink in water
Can be tested by: Pushing an object into water and seeing if it sinks or floats
Does not absorb water
Can be tested by: Dipping the material in water and observe if it has absorbed water
Ability to allow light to pass through
Can be tested by: Shining light at one side of the object and observing how much light can be seen on the other
Choosing the right material?
Use different materials to make different objects
Some have properties that make them suitable to be used to make certain objects
The properties and uses of the material and object respectively must be known to choose the right material
Different materials can be used to make one object
Different materials can be used to make different parts of one object