Emotional and Cognitive Socialization (Self-Esteem (Value one places on…
Emotional and Cognitive Socialization
Affected by societal perceptions
Affected by personal perceptions
What is personally worthwhile or desirable in life?
Qualities or beliefs that are viewed as desirable or important
Tendency to respond positively or negatively to certain things.
Influenced by age, cognitive development and social experiences
Also influenced by family, peers, media, community and school.
Motives and Attributions
Motive- a need or emotion that causes a person to act
Attribution- explanation for ones performaance
Within-person or intrinsic
Socially mediated or extrinsic
Thematic Apperception Test (TAT)
One's perception of how difficult the task is
One's history of success or failure
The attributions for one's performance
Locus of Control
One's attributions of performance, or sense of personal responsibility for success or failure; internal or external
Internal- "I should have spent more time studying."
External- "I couldn't learn from that teacher"
A perception , acquired through negative experiences, that effort has no affect on outcomes.
Belief that one can master a situation and produce positive outcomes.
Personal agency- the realization that one's actions cause outcomes
Value one places on one's identity.
High or low