Gender Disparity in Google (How are women distributed in the Indian…
Gender Disparity in Google
Why in news?
A 10-page internal memo of Google was recently leaked by an employee at Google
What was the memo about?
It attempts to justify gender imbalance and systemic discrimination in the workplace.
It states that ―men and women biologically differ in many ways‖ and that ―Women, on average, have more
Neuroticism (higher anxiety, lower stress tolerance)‖
Google has distanced itself from the memo
How are women distributed in the Indian workforce?
Women entrepreneurs in India are mostly concentrated in low-paying industries.
Manufacturing sector, tobacco products, apparel and textiles attract the largest share of women entrepreneurs.
This is perhaps because these industries are known to have lower physical labour requirements.
There is also a strong negative relationship between average industry wages and the share of female-led plants
in the manufacturing sector.
The overall participation of women in corporate India is only of 20-22%.
This sharply falls to 12-13% at senior and top levels.
The World Economic Forum‘s Gender Gap Index placed India in the 101st position among 136 countries.
What are the challenges in the work place?
Women employees in India are still fighting for an equal pay for equal work.
Sexual harassment exists at workplace.
Frequently, managements pressurize the victims of harassment to withdraw the complaints.
Indian companies are reluctant to employ women for reasons of brake/relieves after marriage and
Inadequate infrastructure affects women entrepreneurs more than men, because women often bear a
larger share of the time and responsibility for household activities.
Women face greater constraints in geographic mobility imposed by safety concerns and social norms.
What should be done?
Improving gender balance
is an important first step for India‘s development and its achievement of greater
economic growth and gender equality.
mandatory women quota
in the boardroom — something that countries such as Norway,
France, Sweden and Spain have done can ensure a place for women.
Procedural acceptance of sharing the burden of parental care by both men and women with the measures like
paternity leave will ensure the gender balance in hiring process.
of society and co-workers to gender understandings can be of help.