Religion exam semester 2 Year 9 (Forgiveness (What it does not mean to…
Religion exam semester 2 Year 9
Forgiveness and reconciliation
St. Maria Goretti
Case studies of forgiveness: Mrs Walker, Millie Dowler’s family, genocide
The Walker family lost their son to a hate crime. He was killed while out with his friends in Britain. He was just hanging out and was murdered by a group of boys his age and a bit older, including one he went to school with. His mother and sister say they forgive the murderer of their brother/son and that it is the only way they can move forward and find peace
Millie Dowler was a young girl who was raped and murdered. Her mother did not forgive the man who hurt her, saying she hoped he suffered in prison. The man was convicted after a long trial.
A Nazi guard was taken to court about crimes committed during the holocaust, he is 90 years old. He has not been forgiven by the surviving victims and their families, and he doesn't think he should be.
What is forgiveness?
What it does not mean to forgive?
To forgive does not mean we have to deny we have been hurt or harmed.
Forgiveness does not require us to tolerate wrongdoing, or allow injustices to continue.
Forgiveness does not necessarily imply we have to totally forget the hurtful event.
Forgiveness does not mean we have to be friends with the offender.
Forgiveness does not mean we have to display warm feelings towards the offender.
Scientific benefits of forgiveness
Catholic Church’s Sacrament of Reconciliation
What are rights, human rights, Universal Human Rights?
Rights are like mandatory rules for how we treat every person, because that person has rights that we must not breach.
Human rights are rights afforded to all people
Universal human rights are the human rights outlined in the document passed by the UN called 'the universal declaration of human rights' and are afforded to all people
Name 2 human rights listed in the universal declaration of human rights (2 marks):
Freedom of religion and changing religion
All humans are born equal and free in dignity and rights
How do women’s rights differ in different countries?
Some countries have almost no rights for women, some have a lot, but no country has all the basic laws that women should have to be safe.
Provide a brief comparison of Womens rights in a country with poor rights for women to a country with good rights for women. (4, 1 for each country, 2 for comparison):
Saudi Arabia has very poor rights for women, including no legislation on domestic violence, whereas the USA has that legislation and has many more laws that help protect women and their rights.
What are women’s rights?
What are women's rights? (2 marks): Womens rights are the same as human rights, but in the world today women do not have the same rights by law as men, so they are talked of separately because the law does not afford women all that it affords men.
Sustainable Development Goals
A set of goals made by the UN, with the intent that all UN members would meet the goals in 15 years. Goal 5 relates to equality of all women.
Sustainable Development Goal 5: Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls. Goal 5 targets:
End all forms of discrimination against all women and girls everywhere
Ensure women’s full and effective participation and equal opportunities for leadership at all levels of decision-making in political, economic and public life
Eliminate all forms of violence against all women and girls in the public and private spheres, including trafficking and sexual and other types of exploitation
Eliminate all harmful practices, such as child, early and forced marriage and female genital mutilation
Recognize and value unpaid care and domestic work through the provision of public services, infrastructure and social protection policies and the promotion of shared responsibility within the household and the family as nationally appropriate
Ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health and reproductive rights as agreed in accordance with the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development and the Beijing Platform for Action and the outcome documents of their review conferences
Undertake reforms to give women equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to ownership and control over land and other forms of property, financial services, inheritance and natural resources, in accordance with national laws
Enhance the use of enabling technology, in particular information and communications technology, to promote the empowerment of women
Adopt and strengthen sound policies and enforceable legislation for the promotion of gender equality and the empowerment of all women and girls at all levels
Gender equality in Australia
Australia has more gender equality than many countries, but women are still not equal.
The pay gap still exists and their are some disparities in the law
Are women equal in Australia? (2 marks): No, they are not fully equal, though they are close, and they have it much better than women in other countries. The pay gap and the fact that there are essential laws that have yet to be put in place means that women are not fully equal
Contemporary women’s rights activists
Iranian activist for an end to the stoning of women
Journalist and poet
Currently lives in Norway because Iran is unsafe for her.
Name one contemporary women's rights activist and provide a brief description of their work. (3 marks):
Aseih Amini is an Iranian activist for an end to the stoning of women in Iran. She works at a journalism company where she tried to get the story of stonings published, although was unsuccessful, but eventually got her story published in other countries. She now lives in Norway after Iran's government changed and it became unsafe for her to live in Iran any more.
Catholic perspective on women
Women in the Catholic church have never been equal, and the type and amount of their rights that the catholic church fully affords them have changed. For example, in the past women could reach high positions in the church, but could never become pope.
Do women in the catholic church have rights equal to that of women in Australia? (2 marks)
No. Women in Australia can and in fact have be prime minister, the highest position in our government. Women in the catholic church cannot achieve the position of pope, with no clear reason other than it is not traditional.
Women in other traditions
Womens rights differ between religions, and their is no precedent. For example, women are equal in some religions and completely not in others, and sometimes, it is not that clean cut.
How are women treated in other religions? Use a specific example. (2 marks)
Women are treated well in Sikhism, a religion originating in India, and it has equality for all written into its holy texts. They can achieve all the positions a man can, and are not considered unclean when menstruating