Atkinson & Shiffrin's [linear] The Multi-Store Memory Model: sensory register (visual & acoustic), short-term memory and long-term memory. Features of each store: coding, capacity (5-7+-2 chunks of info) and duration (lifetime for long-term if applied episodically and up to 18 seconds for short-term)
Types of Long-Term memory: episodic (personal "episodes" in life), semantic (knowledge of the world/facts) and procedural (actions/motor skills)
Baddeley & Hitch's Working Memory Model: central executive, phonological loop, visuo-spatial sketchpad, episodic buffer. Features of the model: coding (acoustic and visual) and capacity.
Forgetting (Interference & Retrieval Failure) and Eye-Witness Testimony:
Explanations for forgetting: proactive and retroactive interference and retrieval failure due to the absence of cues.
Factors affecting the accuracy of EWT: misleading information including leading questions and post-event discussion and the factor of anxiety.
Improving the accuracy of EWT: including the use of the cognitive interview.