Factors affecting Fertility Rates (AGE STRUCTURE (When there is a larger…
Factors affecting Fertility Rates
In LICs, the birth rate is often high to compensate for high infant mortality and families often want a male child. Even when infant mortality reduces, the practice of having many children can remain for some time.
In many parts of the world culture expects people to have large families and this tradition requires women to have lots of children. Some traditions also marry girls off at a young age and expect them to start having kids right away
Literacy rates are directly proportional to fertility rates. As women become better educated they have knowledge of contraception/birth control and have greater opportunities for employment.
When there is a larger amount of young people within a population the fertility rates will increase due to the fact that there are more people growing up to have children.
On the flip side when there is a larger amount of old people the fertility rates will decrease due to the fact that there are more people who are not fertile and therefore are not reproducing
They also oppose the artificial birth controls.
Polygamy is commonly found in Islamic countries, and throughout the Islamic faith, which leads to more children
They don't believe in using artificial birth controls like pills or condoms. This results in a high fertility rate.
They both do not follow the status quo. As their country becomes wealthier, their fertility rate decrease, showing that although they are church goes, the woman still use artificial birth controls.
In LICs, children are often a form of labour on the family farm or business. They become an asset, and later in life, support their parents. In NICs and HICs the opposite is true. Children can be expensive as schooling is compulsory and they cannot work as child labour is outlawed. Pensions mean that parents do not rely on children in old age.
A huge example of a government policy is the 'one child' policy in China. This successfully force the fertility rate to decrease.
THE STATUS OF WOMEN
The majority of women in LICs are expected to be responsible for the household, and are not allowed to go college or to get jobs. Due to this servitude type expectation women are forced to stay at home and have the children.
In HICs birth rates are declining due to women putting their education and careers first instead of having babies. This raises the age at which women have babies which leads to low fertility rates and birth defects