History of Children's Literature (Basal readers: McGuffey Readers and…
History of Children's Literature
John Locke wrote Some Thoughts Concerning Education and suggested that children should be treated in a gentler way, not like working adults and books should be easy and pleasant for them to read.
Child Labor Laws came into effect in the 20th century to protect children.
In America, we consider children as intentional beings as soon as they are born. Other cultures are different.
Children's literature in the past was hand-written text only available to the wealthy.
Lower class children heard stories such as fairy tales, myths, and ballads through oral tradition.
When the printing press was invented, books such as Gulliver's Travels and Aesop's Fables were printed for adults. However, children enjoyed them too.
Hornbooks or lesson paddles existed during the 15th-17th century. Had pieces of parchment paper attached to them. These usually contained spelling words, Bible verses, or moral, religious lessons.
Orbis Pictus "The World in Pictures" was written and illustrated in 1657. It was known as the first picture book. It contained woodcut pictures.
1697 - Charles Perrault a collector of French fairy tales, published the Tales of Mother Goose which contained popular stories like The Sleeping Beauty and Cinderella. This began the first of books published specifically for children.
Chapbooks,introduced in the 17th century, were considered as "underground" reading books.They were often sold by peddlers for pennies. They were fun tales like King Arthur and Robinhood.
John Locke and Chapbooks greatly influenced John Newbery.
He began the first children's literature publishing house.
He wrote A Little Pretty Pocket Book in 1744
The John Newbery Medal.
1846: Edward Lear's A Book of Nonsense
1885: Robert Louis Stevenson's A Children's Garden of Verses
1871: Lewis Carroll's Alice's Adventures in Wonderland
1876: Mark Twain's The Adventures of Tom Sawyer
St. Nicholas Magazine - 1873
The Jungle Books by Rudyard Kipling first appeared in this magazine.
Basal readers: McGuffey Readers and Dick and Jane books.
Used a phonics based system which emphasized the sounding out of words.
Over 120 million sets were sold.
With their moralistic tones, they fell from favor in the early 20th century as society changed.
Dick and Jane books were published by the Scott Foresman Company.
Dick and Jane books used a whole word or the look-say method. These books were popular from the 1930's through the 1960's.