Externalites of Globalisation in China (Negative Impacts (Environmental…
Externalites of Globalisation in China
Increase in informal housing
in 2015 one US climate research organisation calculated that Chinese air pollution kills 1.6 million people every year
In Shenzhen near Hong Kong half the housing was classed as informal in 2010
the divide between yearly disposable income is £412 for the poorest 20% of rural households in comparison to over £9000 for the richest 20% in the cities
Not everyone is benefiting from china's globalisation
pollution and health problems
loss of productive farmland. Over 3 million hectares of farmland has been polluted with heavy metals
in the south the soils are suffering from acidification caused by industrial emissions
100 cities suffer from extreme water shortages
Tap water in Chongqing contains 80 out of the 101 forbidden toxins under Chinese law
WWF found that China's terrestrial vertabrates had declined by 50% since 1970
China has had a 7% rise in global trade between 2001 and 2013 when global trade rose from 3% to 10%.
Development in infrastructure has lead to a 100,000 km railway connecting all cities and provinces.
The average urban income has increased by 10% and its now USD $9000
China has a major air pollution problem caused mostly by the power stations. It's so bad that Beijing has frequent pollution alerts.
70% of china's rivers and lakes are now polluted some water isn't even fit for farmland.
100 cities suffer from extreme water shortages and 360 million Chinese do not have access to safe drinking water
There has been a loss of 3 million hectares of farmland due to pollution
12 tonnes of grain was polluted in 2014
94% of china's population over 15 is now literate.
Education is free and compulsory in china between the ages of 6 and 15.
Sales in china have also increased considerably with them buying more TV's than America in 2013.
300 million Chinese people are considered to now be middle class. An estimated 45% of Chinese population will considered to be middle class by 2020.
In 1960 China started their Open door policy. It allowed for a large highly skilled, educated workforce. This lead to a global shift of manufacturing as TNC's relocated to Asia as the work there was alot cheaper than in HIC's