Foundations of Relationships (Vocabulary: (bonding stage: includes a…
Foundations of Relationships
Stages of Relational Interaction
Social Exchange Theory
: meet emotional, relational, and instrumental needs, as they are intimate, close, and interdependent relationships such as those we have with best friends, partners, or immediate family.
: are relationships that occasionally meet our needs and lack the closeness and interdependence of personal relationships.
: people size each other up and try to present themselves favorably.
: where people exchange information and often move from strangers to acquaintances, to the “sniffing ritual” of animals.
: we indicate that we would like or are open to more intimacy, and then we wait for a signal of acceptance before we attempt more intimacy.
: two people’s identities and personalities merge, and a sense of interdependence develops.
: includes a public ritual that announces formal commitment.
: Differentiating is the reverse of integrating, as we and our reverts back to I and my.
: communication decreases and certain areas or subjects become restricted as individuals verbally close themselves off from each other.
: the relationship may come to a standstill, as individuals basically wait for the relationship to end.
: may be a way to end the awkwardness that comes with stagnation, as people signal that they want to close down the lines of communication.
: can occur shortly after initiation or after a ten- or twenty-year relational history has been established.
Social exchange theory
: essentially entails a weighing of the costs and rewards in a given relationship.
Relationships can be easily distinguished into personal or social and voluntary or involuntary.
Personal relationships are close, intimate, and interdependent, meeting many of our interpersonal needs.
Social relationships meet some interpersonal needs but lack the closeness of personal relationships.