Literary Elements of The Purple Hibiscus : (Characterization ( ( (Mama -…
Literary Elements of The Purple Hibiscus :
The conflict of the Purple Hibiscus is all of Papa's abuse
These are all examples of the rising action
Jaja not going to Communion
The kids going to live with Aunty Ifeoma
The kids come home and confront Papa
The climax of the story is when Papa first attacks Jaja and then Mama kills him.
The resolution and falling action are when Mama goes to court and is not convicted for Papa's murder. With new laws set in place.
The protagonists of the story are Kambili, Jaja, and Mama. Them three live the struggle of being restricted in the family environment by Papa, in a patriarch family. The antagonist of the story is definitely Papa because he rules the family, and feels like he is superior to everyone.
Kambili, Jaja, and Mama are all dynamic characters because they change at the end their attitude towards Papa. Thought it was too late, resulting in Mama killing Papa. Indeed, they three should’ve spoken for themselves earlier in the story. Papa is a static character because he continually does harm and is rude to his family throughout the story.
Papa - Papa is a hypocrite character. He acts as a saint in church and as an evil person in his house. Papa is the antagonist of the story, always restricting the liberty of his family members.
Kambili - Kambili is the one that is most lenient to Papa’s behavior. She just accepts by her sight all Papa's harmful actions.
Mama - Mama is one of the protagonists. She is always present when Papa does his angry reactions. She acts like these reactions were normal throughout the story. However, in the end, she kills Papa by seeing him as a threat to her children.
Point of View
Throughout the entire book the story is set in Nigeria. The setting has to do with the people that surround Kambili. At the beginning of the book, when she is still living with her parents, she is under complete control from Papa, but once she goes to live with her Aunty Ifeoma near the University of Nigeria she is able to express herself. This is how in our group play she is able to return how with Jaja and stand up to Papa for the first time.
The Author of the Purple Hibiscus, Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie, was born in Engunu, Nigeria. When she was young her family moved to Nsukka, Nigeria. This is the location of the University of Nigeria as well as where Aunty Ifeoma lives in the book. Adichie was born in 1977 and lived through the coups of the 1980s. This influenced her characters and where they lived. She set them in similar places to were she had grown up in. She allowed them to express themselves in Nsukka most likely because she was able to express herself there.
The red hibiscus represent Papa’s tyranny
The purple hibiscus represent the hope of the change
The figurines represent Mama’s fragility
The schedule of each family members represent the control that Papa has over everyone, and no one is willing to go against it.
When Kambili is describing how people just grab the purple hibiscus whenever they passed by - it represents that people can come and go and just take their hope and freedom away.
The point of view in Adichie’s is in first person because Kambili tells the story. There is not any other character who tells the story.
The point of view in the group play activity is in third person. The narrator explains the situations that the characters experience and there is also the characters conversation during the scenes to better understanding of what is going on in the group play.
The point of view of the history impacts people who read it because they put themselves in the struggle that the characters are going through in the story. This also affects what we think about the characters, what their feelings are, what their wants are, and their actions through the story.