Nylan & Reifler_When Correction Fails
A Coggle Diagram about Backfire Effect (Messages from sources that match a subjects ideological or partisan affiliation are more persuasive than those that do not, mostly used by conservatives, citizens engage in 'motivated reasoning' and direct facts can strengthen ideologically factual beliefs), Biases (Media biases; FOX news, CNN, etc., People form opinions based on the facts that they first hear; people are close minded and People have natural biases towards certain things), Goal-directed information processing, Difference between misinformed and uninformed, Changed Views? (must provide corrective information in a more successful way in order to understand how people process information), Mispreceptions (can be strengthened with corrective information ), Provide a direct test of corrections on factual beliefs about politics and show that responses to corrections about controversial political issues vary systematically by ideology. , Show that corrective information in news reports may fail to reduce misperceptions and can sometimes increase them for the ideological group most likely to hold those misperceptions. and Establish these findings in the context of contemporary political issues that are salient to ordinary voters.