Module 6 (14: Describe the general characteristics of the poorest and…
(14: Describe the general characteristics of the poorest and wealthiest countries.
- What solutions do they infer?
- What might happen if the world ignores this globalized social issue?
, 25: Discuss how globalization is a force that can shape the future of our nation (and other nations)
, 22: Define conceptions of world poverty using relative, absolute, extreme, and human poverty index measures.
, 21: Explain the impact of global stratification on the growth of terrorism.
, 3: Explain Weber’s concept of life chances and discuss how it relates to social class.
- Explain this video through the eyes of a conflict sociologist. Consider how systems of power and economic inequality create and maintain the lives of these children.
, 24: Discuss conditions for children living in poverty.
, 20: Describe the impact of global stratification on world hunger, the environment, and education and literacy.
, 12: Define what sociologists mean by the term global stratification; describe the effects of global stratification on the life chances of people in different countries.
- Globalization can solve some of the problems within poverty or at least improve the lives of those who are in poverty. Globalizing poor countries gives them more connection with the core countries which results in more opportunities. The exchange of ideas and knowledge can help countries fix poverty from the inside by giving individuals the information they need to improve their life. It also gives poor countries more economic opportunities and the connections that can lead to less exploitation.
- Conditions for children in poverty are no better than they are for adults. The lack of income means less schools are built and less parents can pay for their children to attend. They also face hunger challenges, early working ages, and in some cases they are forced to live on their own subjected to the harsh life of living on the streets as a beggar.
, The authors of the video state near the beginning of the video that cause of children's poverty is the lack of money held by their parents. They state that one out of seven people in the world live on less than a dollar each day. They also state near the end of the video that only five of the twenty two countries have met their pledged amount of donation money.
- They infer that the solution is to provide the full amount of donations that the participating countries have pledged. The cost to end world hunger is less than one percent of the national income of the twenty two countries that participate in the pledge. They also infer that the guardians of children in poverty could improve their lives if they had the opportunity to make more money. The countries that have pledged to donate money could also donate resources like food, water, education, and health care that would make it easier for parents to support their family on their existing income.
- A conflict sociologist would view this video as a display of how countries in power have caused the continuation of poverty and how they exploit poor nations for their benefit. Conflict theory focuses on the unequal distribution of resources and power and it applies on a global scale. The core countries have established a large industry with businesses and multinational corporations that strive for the maximum profit. The poor countries have yet to develop this industry so they depend on the core countries for work in theses industries. The corporations exploit their dependence by giving jobs to countries with people willing to get paid the least so that they can sell these items in countries where people are willing to pay the most as a way to gain huge profit. This economic inequality results in child poverty.
- If the world ignores this globalized issue of child poverty there will continue to be more poverty related deaths around the world. The rich countries with further exploit the poor and become richer while the poor will be forced to work for even less income. Peripheral countries will be forced to borrow more from core countries to help their citizens which could even result in the collapse of their government. In some countries people will be forced to start subsistence farming and in others people will be forced to migrate elsewhere in search of jobs.
, 3.Max Weber explained that social class will determine most of one's life chances. The upper class have more access to material goods in society while the lower class has less. The larger availability of resources opens up more opportunities.
- Global stratification is the system of structured inequality between countries. Global stratification is the source of much of the world's poverty. The unequal distribution of resources and money result in a lack of life chances in poor countries. Low income levels result in less spending on education, property, and health care.
- Conditions of the most rich are those similar to the U.S. The poorest countries live in conditions including low education availability, low paying jobs, small amounts of electricity, unsanitary water, small amounts of health care, and lower rates of child mortality.
- Global stratification also causes hunger, environmental issues, and low levels of education and literacy in poor nations. Low paying jobs give little money to pay for food, pollution cleaning systems, and school tuition fees.
- Terrorism is even a result of global stratification. The unequal distribution of wealth forces poor countries to depend on rich ones. Cultural conflicts rise from their interactions and resentment forms from continuation of inequality.
- Those under the poverty line in the U.S. are in relative poverty compared to the others in society. Those around the world that survive on $1.25 a day are in extreme poverty while those that survive on $1.00 are in absolute poverty. The human poverty index also measure poverty in terms of health, education, and standard of living.