Yessica Magallanes- 1st Period
A Coggle Diagram about 4-1- Railroad building grew tremendously in the last half of the 1800s. This expansion powered a growing economy. In 1860 the United States already had about 30,000 miles of railroad track.
, 5-3 - Americans in 1865 went to school for an average of just four years. By 1914 most states required children to have at least some schooling. More than 80 percent of all children between the ages of 5 and 17 were enrolled in school.
, 5-1 - Immigration to the United States shifted in the late 1800s. before 1865, most immigrants other than enslaved Africans came from northern and western Europe. After the civil war immigrants from other countries began making the journey to the United States
, 7-1 -George Washington's words helped guide American foreign policy for about 100 years. There was a disagreement about what Washington meant.
, 8-2 - President Wilson had long said that the United States should be neutral in the war in Europe. Most Americans supported this view. They did not think that the war concerned them.
, 9-4-While economy was still booming, American culture was also undergoing rapid change.
, 4-4 - Industrial growth created jobs. Yet factory workers paid a price for economic progress. They generally worked for 10 or 12 hours a day, six days a week. They could be fired at any time for any reason. Many lost their job during business downturns. Immigrants willing to take lower pay drove down wages.
, 6-1 - In the late 1800s, calls for reform grew louder in the United States. The reformers were called progressives, and they had several goals for fixing urban problems, improving government, and regulating business. They claimed that government and big business were taking advantage of the American people rather than serving them
, 6-2 - The lives of middle-class women changed during the 1800s. As people moved from farms to cities, fewer children were needed to help a family survive. As a result, families became smaller.
, 6-3 - Theodore Roosevelt was the republican choice for vice president in 1900. Less than a year later, Mckinley was assassinated. Suddenly 42 year old Theodore Roosevelt became president. When Roosevelt took office in 1901, he brought progressive ideas with him.
, 6-4 - During the 1800s, the majority of Americans were white Protestants who were born in the United States. Many believed that the United States should remain a white, Protestant nation.
, 4- 3 - In western Pennsylvania, people had long noticed a sticky black oil called petroleum the seeped from the ground. Then, in the 1850s, researchers found they could burn petroleum to make heat and smoke free light. Suddenly, oil was valuable.
, 7-2 - Since the mid-1800s, many Americans had wanted to build a trading empire in the Pacific. In 1867 Secretary of State William H. Seward arranged to acquire the Pacific islands of Midway.
, 7-3 - After centuries of Spanish rule, the people of Cuba rebelled in the late 1800s. Rebels destroyed property in hopes of forcing the Spanish to leave. The Spanish responded with harsh measures. As a result, thousands of Cubans died of starvation and disease.
, 7-4 - Americans and Europeans had long wanted to build a canal across Central and the Pacific Oceans. Around this time, the United states was in the process of acquiring territory in both oceans. U.S. desire for a canal grew.
, 8-1 - It was June 28, 1914, and the people of Sarajevo, Bosnia, crowded the city streets. Archduke Franz Ferdinand, next in line to the throne of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, was in town for a visit. as he and his wife rolled along in their open car, a gunman attacked. Both the archduke and his wife were killed.
, 15-5 -After the Persian Gulf War, the popularity of President George H. W. Bush soared. The troubled economy, however, hurt his reelection chances.
, 8-3 - By 1917 the years of trench warfare had exhausted the Allied armies. The signs of strain among the military were clear. After one failed offensive, some French troops refused to continue fighting.
, 8-4 - After the United States declared war on Germany in 1917, Americans began to focus on getting ready to fight the war.
, 8-5 - Leaders from the 27 nations gathered in Paris, France, in January 1919.They met for the peace conference following World War 1.
, 9-1 - The years after WW1 were an uncertain time in the United States. Tired of war and world responsibilities, the American people longed for a return to a way of life they viewed as normal.
, 9-2 - In the 1920 campaign, Warren G. Harding promised a return to ¨normalcy.¨
, 9-3 - After WW1, the United States went through a recession, or economic downturn.
, 5-2 - In 1870 one of four Americans lived in a community of 2,500 or more people. By 1910 nearly half lived in an urban area. The nations was changing.
, 10-1 - For much of the 1920s, the United States economy was a great success story. Leaders declared that the nation had entered a new era
, 10-2 - In 1932 the nationś economy seemed to be falling apart. President Hoover hoped for reelection in that yearś presidential election.
, 4-2 - By 1910 Americans in cities drove cars through streets lit with electric lights.
, 10-4 - At first, Franklin D. Roosevelt counted on big business to support his economic plans.
, 11-1 - Hitler was one of several ruthless leaders in the 1920s and 1930s.
, 11-2 - In 1937 President Roosevelt spoke out against the growing epidemic of world lawlessness
, 11-3 - the japanese attack on pearl harbor united americans. with great speed, the nation and its people prepared to fight.
, 11-4 - After Pearl Harbor, the United States joined Great Britain, the Soviet Union, and 23 other nations in the war against the Axis Powers.
, 11-5 - As Japanese were attacking Pearl Harbor, they were bombing U.S. airfields in the Phillipines as well.
, 12-1 - In February 1945, the ¨Big Three"Allied leaders met at Yalta, a city in the Soviet Union.
, 12-2 - With the end of WW2, the United states faced another challenge adjusting to peacetime economy.
, 12-3 - At the end of WW2, the East Asian country of Korea came under control of the United States and the Soviet Union.
, 12-4 - American voters elected Dwight D. Eisenhower to the presidency in November 1952.
, 13-1 - After suffering discrimination and unfair treatment for centuries, African Americans in the mid-1900s began to make real progress in winning an equal place in American life.
, 13-2 - The year 1960 was a presidential election year. The republicans named Vice President Richard M. Nixon to be their candidate.
, 15-4 - George H. W. Bush, Reagan's vice president, won the 1988 presidential election.
, 15-3 - In the 1970s, a conservative movement gained strength in the United States. The movement was especially strong in the South and Southwest.
, 13-3 - The civil rights movement gained strength in the 1960s. Early activity targeted segregation in the South.
, 13-4 - The civil rights movement did more than expanding freedom and opportunity for African Americans.It also helped women, Latinos, Native Americans, and people with disabilities.
, 14-1 - John Kennedy became president in 1961. At that time, the American relationship with the Soviet Union was still unstable.
, 14-2 - In the 1960s, the United States sharply increased its involvement in a conflict taking place in Southeast Asia. The conflict was a fight against the spread of communism in the region.
, 14-3 - The war in Vietnam led to severe divisions among Americans. Those for and against the war staged large public demonstrations to air their beliefs. They also attacked each other with growing anger.
, 14-4 - Nixon ran for president on a promise of "peace with honor" in Vietnam. Shortly after taking office, Nixon began working toward ending U.S. involvement in the war.
, 15-1 - To help shape his foreign policy, Nixon relied on his national security adviser, Henry Kissinger. Both men believed that peace would come through negotiation rather than through threats or force.
, 15-2 - During Nixon’s second term, the economy was not improving as he had hoped.
, 10-3 - The Depression was a terrible time for millions of Americans. Thousands of letters arrived at the White House addressed to First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt.