A Coggle Diagram about References
(Global Blue. (2016, June 16). Russia targets inbound tourism. Retrieved from http://corporate.globalblue.com/business-insights/russia-targets-inbound-tourism1/State Committee of the Russian Federation on Statistics. (2011). Total Population by Gender and Gender Ratio, by Country (pop. over 200,000). Retrieved October 18, 2016, from http://www.geohive.com/earth/pop_gender.aspxCIA. (n.d.). CENTRAL ASIA :: RUSSIA. Retrieved October 18, 2016, from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/rs.htmlWater and Wastewater International. (n.d.). Retrieved October 18, 2016, from http://www.waterworld.com/articles/wwi/print/volume-25/issue-4/regional-spotlight/easter-europe/russian-water-industry-remains-at-crossroads.htmlBroadcasting Board of Governors. (n.d.). Retrieved October 19, 2016, from https://www.bbg.gov/wp-content/media/2014/02/Russia-research-brief.pdfSavenko, Y. (2007, March 06). Do women have equal rights with men in Russia? Retrieved October 18, 2016, from http://humanrightshouse.org/Articles/7821.htmlScimago Lab. (n.d.). Retrieved October 18, 2016, from http://www.scimagoir.com/rankings.php?sector=&country=RUS
Total telephone subscriptions: 36,524,978
Totla cellphone subsciptions:227.288 million
Access to internet:73.4%
Access to radio: "Half of Russians (49.9%) have a radio set at home"(BBG), so not everyone has access to it.
Access to TV:Barely 100% of the population
, Location: The latitude and longitude of Russia is 60º 00' N and 100º 00' E respectively. It is located in northern Asia and lies between Europe and North Pacific Ocean.
Located in AsiaArea:
Total: 17,098,242 sq km
Land: 16,377,742 sq km
Water: 720,500 sq km
, Climate:Russia is a big country, this leads to have different types of climate. The south part is humid, the north part has a tundra climate, it has four seasons as the majority of the countries,the part that reaches the north pole doenst have seasons. But the rest in summer tends to be warmer that it is in winter, wich reachs very low temperatures.
, Population: 142,355,415 Russia occupies the 10th place of population in the world.Males: 66,134,540
, Background: "Founded in the 12th century, the Principality of Muscovy was able to emerge from over 200 years of Mongol domination (13th-15th centuries) and to gradually conquer and absorb surrounding principalities. In the early 17th century, a new ROMANOV Dynasty continued this policy of expansion across Siberia to the Pacific. Under PETER I (ruled 1682-1725), hegemony was extended to the Baltic Sea and the country was renamed the Russian Empire. During the 19th century, more territorial acquisitions were made in Europe and Asia. Defeat in the Russo-Japanese War of 1904-05 contributed to the Revolution of 1905, which resulted in the formation of a parliament and other reforms. Repeated devastating defeats of the Russian army in World War I led to widespread rioting in the major cities of the Russian Empire and to the overthrow in 1917 of the imperial household. The communists under Vladimir LENIN seized power soon after and formed the USSR. The brutal rule of Iosif STALIN (1928-53) strengthened communist rule and Russian dominance of the Soviet Union at a cost of tens of millions of lives. After defeating Germany in World War II as part of an alliance with the US (1939-1945), the USSR expanded its territory and influence in Eastern Europe and emerged as a global power. The USSR was the principal adversary of the US during the Cold War (1947-1991). The Soviet economy and society stagnated in the decades following Stalin’s rule, until General Secretary Mikhail GORBACHEV (1985-91) introduced glasnost (openness) and perestroika (restructuring) in an attempt to modernize communism, but his initiatives inadvertently released forces that by December 1991 splintered the USSR into Russia and 14 other independent republics." (CIA)
, Government: A communist government that counts with civil law system; judicial review of legislative acts.Elections: "president directly elected by absolute majority popular vote in 2 rounds if needed for a 6-year term".(CIA)President:Vladimir Vladimirovich PUTIN (since 7 May 2012)
, Independence date:24 August 1991 (from the Soviet Union); notable earlier dates: 1157 (Principality of Vladimir-Suzdal created); 16 January 1547 (Tsardom of Muscovy established); 22 October 1721 (Russian Empire proclaimed); 30 December 1922 (Soviet Union established)
, Languages: As Russia is a big country, it has many languages wich are nos spoken in the same porcentages but they are spoken by their people. So, Russian (official) 85.7%, Tatar 3.2%, Chechen 1%, other 10.1%
, Religions:Even though Orthodox Christianity, Islam, Judaism, and Buddhism are considered as traditional religons, thee exist a big percentage of russians that doesnt practice any religion. The porcentages of the ones that are practiced are Russian Orthodox 15-20%, Muslim 10-15%, other Christian 2%.
, Health services: 72% of the population as access to health
, Access to drinking water "According to the Russian regulatory bodies, between 35% to 60% of total reserves of drinking water in Russia currently do not meet sanitary standards, with 40% of surface and 17% of underground spring water considered as impotable."
"Nearly 11 million people in Russia do not have access to quality drinking water, while around 50 million people, (approx. a third of the country's population), drink water with high iron levels."(Water and waste water international)
, Education level:Russia has a good education level and has an school life expectancy of 15 years.
, Literacy levels: All the population that passes the 15 years can read and write.
total population: 99.7%
, Access to public services: Electricity 100%
, Types of houses:Usual Russian multi apartment middle class, not new.
, Transportation:The main transportation systems are the railways wich have 87,157 km in total, theroadways with 1,283,387 km in total. And airports wich are 594.
, Womens rights:Russia goverment looks for equality, defends women, but this doesnt mean violence to women doesnt exists, becuase it does, and sometimes in a big quantity."Real gender problem in the Russian Federation is a low women’s average wage, which constitutes 60% of men’s salary." (Human right house)
, Economy:"Russia is one of the world's leading producers of oil and natural gas, and is also a top exporter of metals such as steel and primary aluminum. Russia's reliance on commodity exports makes it vulnerable to boom and bust cycles that follow the volatile swings in global prices."(CIA)
, Main exports:The top exports of Russia are Crude Petroleum , Refined Petroleum , Petroleum Gas , Coal Briquettes and Raw Aluminium , using the 1992 revision of the HS (Harmonized System) classification.
Main Imports: are Cars , Packaged Medicaments , Vehicle Parts , Planes, Helicopters, and/or Spacecraft and Computers.
, Agricultural production:grain, sugar beets, sunflower seeds, vegetables, fruits
, Unemployment rate:13.7% of the total population
, Inflation rate: 15.5%
, Currency:Russian Ruble. Exchange rate to:
USD:1 RUB =0.0159143USD
EUR: 1 RUB =0.0144745701 EUR
, Main Industries:"mining and extractive industries producing coal, oil, gas, chemicals, and metals; all forms of machine building from rolling mills to high-performance aircraft and space vehicles; defense industries (including radar, missile production, advanced electronic components), shipbuilding; road and rail transportation equipment; communications equipment; agricultural machinery, tractors, and construction equipment; electric power generating and transmitting equipment; medical and scientific instruments; consumer durables, textiles, foodstuffs, handicrafts" (CIA)Labor force by occupation:check:
, GDP:$1.325 trillion (In dollars)
GDP expended on education: 4.2%
, Equality policies:As Russia is a communist country, it looks for equality in all aspects for everyone.
, Educational policies: Aviability of education for everyone. The priority are the values, health, life and free developmet.
Freedom on education.
, Top universities and rank in the world:
1;28;Russian Academy of Sciences *;RUS;Government
2;357;Lomonosov Moscow State University;RUS;Higher educ.
3;511;Institute of Spectroscopy Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS);RUS;Government
4;549;Russian Academy of Medical Sciences;RUS;Health
5;556;Saint Petersburg State University;RUS;Higher educ.
6;556;St. Petersburg State Polytechnic University;RUS;Higher educ.
7;564;Institute for Information Transmission Problems Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS);RUS;Government
8;566;Institute of High Current Electronics Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS);RUS;Government
9;577;Tomsk Polytechnic University;RUS;Higher educ.
10;598;Joint Institute for Nuclear Research;RUS;Government
and Tourism Industry: Saint petersburg which is Russia's northern capital is a popular destination in holidays.
Between January and September tourists made 2.53 million of trips to Russia.