Module 7 discussion ( Ethnicity is a category used to describe those with…
Module 7 discussion
- Ethnicity is a category used to describe those with a common culture, common nationality, common religion, common norms, and common history. People within the ethnic groups have an awareness of their common cultural and historical bond. Some examples of ethnic groups are Japanese Americans, Mexican Americans, Polish Americans, and Irish Americans.
- The life chances or opportunities to improve one's quality of life are greatly reduced for oppressed groups. Racism results in physical damage that limits life chances as well as mental damage that lowers their quality of life. Economic and political subjugation limits minorities abilities to alter policies that could equalize their lives with the dominant group. Less payment for people within a minority group limits their ability to gain resources even if the individual is more qualifies than a member of the dominant group.
- Racism is the treatment of a racial or ethnic group as intellectually, socially, and culturally inferior to one's own group. There has been a split between the forms of racism where obvious and overt racism like physical assault is termed old-fashioned racism. Aversive racism differs from old-fashioned racism because it is done through nonobvious actions like avoiding a racial or ethnic group.
- Prejudice is the evaluation of a social group based on nonfactual conclusions about their characteristics. It often forms from the fact that a group may lack some of the qualities held by the in-group therefor they are viewed as the out-group. It is an action commonly displayed by ethnocentric groups or individuals. Prejudice is learned through socialization and is internalized after repeated observation and imitation. In most cases a person become prejudice because their parents are. Socializing with prejudice people allows for the ideas to become internalized and unquestioned by the individual.
- A stereotype is a set of beliefs, that is often oversimplified, about members of a social group. They describe the typical member of a social group as seen by other groups. They are built by salience principles which state that people characterize others by what happens initially or by what is obvious in other groups.
, 7: Explain institutional racism and its importance in sustaining racial inequalities.
, 5: Distinguish between prejudice and discrimination. Explain how prejudice is learned in the process of socialization.
, 1: Define, differentiate between, and give examples of the following sociological concepts: ethnicity, race, minority group, and majority group or dominant group.
, 12: Identify the effects of racism on groups within the U.S.
, 13: Discuss how life chances vary according to race and racism. How is social class uniquely related to race inequality?
, 3: Define stereotypes and the concept of stereotype interchangeability.
- Institutional racism is a type in which negative treatment is given to one racial or ethnic group through the existing institutions in society based on ideas of inferiority towards the opposing group. The dominant group holds the economic and political power to intentionally or unintentionally treat minorities unequally. The lack of power that the minority holds within these institutions is what leads to their continual negative treatment. The racial inequality continues because of the continued economic patterns observed by the dominant group which in some cases results from the unequal treatment given to minorities by the dominant group.
- Some of the effects of racism toward racial and ethnic groups in the U.S. are inhumane and from todays standards are extremely vile. Doctors at one point were administering forms of sterilization on minority groups that resulted in low birth rates and stunted population growth. In the 1880s the U.S. government placed the majority of Native American children in boarding schools where they were severely punished if they participated in any form of cultural, social, and religious actions resembling their cultural heritage. The result was the eradication of many Native American customs and cultural information. The video speaks about how the continual oppression forced upon the Native Americans resulted in a large increase in the number of individuals committing suicide.
, 6: Compare old-fashioned racism, laissez-faire racism, and color-blind racism. Identify examples of each.