Native American and Puritan Literature:
By: Lauren Scoville 2A
A Coggle Diagram about Puritans vs. Pilgrims
Pilgrims: Separatists, part of the reformation/ renaissance
Puritans: Extreme Reformists, religion dominated their life and writings, everything was a message from God. #
Characteristics of Puritan Literature/ Puritans v.s. Pilgrims: The Characteristics of Puritan Literature came straight from the beliefs of the Puritans who arrived in America. Although their lack of devotion to religion led to the creation of most of the writings.
, Navaho Origin Legend
Separated men and women, women were represented by a yellow ear of corn and a man was represented by a white ear of corn.
Followed the Adam and Eve story “ The pair thus created was the First Man and First Woman...”
, Walam Olum
Red Record: The creation of the Earth Different symbols for every part of the earthConnection
Walam Olum/The Worlds on a Turtle's back
Both of these pieces show the creation of the world. In Walam Olum, symbols are shown to represent different parts of the world. In The World on a Turtle's back, the world was created when someone fell from the sky world and planted seeds in the only thing near.
, John Smith (1580-1631)
He founded Jamestown in 1607, and described the country as a paradise. Smith was also known as an adventurer and writer. His major works included Generalle Historie of Virginia and Pocahontas legend. #
Connection John Smith/ Generalle Historie of Virginia: John Smith was the author of this piece and it was told from his point of view, not letting others peoples opinions about him be shown.
, Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God
Written by Jonathan Edwards to explain his views on the importance of religion to the colonists.
His use of imagery to describe hell was terrifying to most, and often caused episodes of hysterical crying. Connection* Upon a Spider catching a Fly/ Sinners in the hands of an Angry God*: Both pieces focused on colonists losing their faith and resulting in a stronger presence of Satan in their lives.
, A Generalle Historie of Virginia
Focused on the different point of views between John Smith and accusations made against him.
Mainly covers how Smith treated his fellow colonists and his encounters with the Powhatan tribe.
, Song of the Sky Loom
Focuses on Praising mother earth and Father sky. Earth and Sky represent the creation of people, as their children.
“ O our Mother the Earth, O our Father the Sky!” #
, Upon a Spider Catching a Fly
Written by Edward Taylor.
Explains how some Christians have given up on God while others have stayed strong in their faith, and how easy it is for those that have given up to fall into the hands of Satan.
In the poem the spider represents Satan and all the bad things that come with giving up faith. The wasp represents those who are strong enough to resist Satan, and the fly represents those who have let go of their beliefs so much that they can no longer fight Satan.
, I Went to Kill the Deer
Focused on the circle of life, and the balance between those systems.
The Eagle and the Bear in the story protected each other. “Flew down to the home of the deer and told him that that a hunter came to kill.”
The lesson taught was to respect nature.
, Anne Bradstreet
Known for her use of Conceits.
She was a modest and somewhat embarrassed writer, because men were meant to be the head of the house during the time period.
Her major works include:
To my Dear loving Husband,
Upon the Burning of our House,
The Flesh and the Spirit,
The Author to her Book. #Connection Anne Bradstreet/Upon a Spider Catching a Fly: Bradstreet used the same form of conceits in her poems to represent the feelings of colonists toward their actions. In Taylor's poem the conceit was referencing the connection between God and the individual. While in Bradstreet's poem The Author to her Book, the conceit was referencing her feelings towards her writing.
, I Have Killed the Deer
The people need to hunt in order for survival, and when we die we give all of our nourishment back to the earth.
Final stages of the Circle of LifeConnection
I Went to Kill the Deer/I Have Killed the Deer
Both poems focus on the idea that everything we take from nature will eventually returned. For example the men were hunting and killing the bears, but they knew that someone day when they died that all of those nutrients would be returned to the soil.
, I Kill her Enemies
“Her “ had a double meaning in the poem, the spouse and Mother Earth.
Emphasized the idea that mother earth should always be protected, and that Harmony is sacred.Connection
Song of the Sky Loom/ I Kill her Enemies
Both poems explain that it is important for everyone to do their part in protecting Mother Nature.
, Prayer at Sunrise
Prayers as the sun rises are usually asking for strength
Day was strength and Night was Weakness
Praised the Great maker of the SunConnection
Prayer as Sunrise/The World on a Turtles Back
Both poems bring in competing ideas, such as good and evil and strength and weakness. In Prayer at Sunrise The night is thought to be weakness while the day was strength. In The World on a Turtles back, the left-handed twin was thought to be the evil one, while the right-handed twin was pure and good.
, The World on a Turtle's Back
Sky World vs everything below
Twins whose grandmother fell from the Sky world were born .
The fought over everything, left-handed and right-handed.
The left-handed twin was stubborn, never said what he meant or did what he said, and always lied and did things backwards. He was the devious one.
The right-handed twin always did everything as he should, told the truth.
, Characteristics of Puritan Literature Product of the Reformation and Renaissance
Mostly Sermons/diaries/personal narrative/slave narratives/poetry, usually instructive or plain style.
The bible is the supreme authority and the individual has a direct relationship with God.
and Characteristics of Native American Literature
Oral Tradition: Orator is the highest position and you were responsible for continuing traditions.
Myths: explained how something exists. Usually awe inspiring.
Teach a lesson or moral.
Land/Water/Earth represented the creation of new things, sometimes if there was more than one creator they were portrayed as twins or siblings.
Commonly use animals to symbolize different types of people and ideas.
The number 4 symbolizes wholeness.