History of Biology
A Coggle Diagram about Taxonomy and comparative Anatomy, Plate tectonics and Ice Epoch, Human Anatomy (Claudius Galen Claudius GalenBorn on Pergamon in 129 A.D. He thought of the gladiators’ wounds he treated as ‘windows,’ allowing him to see the functions of various parts of the body. He learned the best ways of treating wounds and trauma, and also learned how important good hygiene practices are., Andreas Vesalius founded modern anatomy. His remarkable 1543 book De huminicorporusfabrica was a fully illustrated anatomy of the human body. Based on observations he had made during dissections, the book overthrew misconceptions in anatomy that had persisted for over a thousand years., Gabriele Fallopio was one of the greatest anatomists of the sixteenth century. He discovered and named numerous parts of the human body. His name survives to this day as it is associated with several anatomical structures including the Fallopian canal, Fallopian hiatus, Fallopian valve, Fallopian muscle, and the Fallopian tube. and William Harvey was the first person to correctly describe blood’s circulation in the body.
He showed that arteries and veins form a complete circuit. The circuit starts at the heart and leads back to the heart. The heart’s regular contractions drive the flow of blood around the whole body), Evolution (Jean-Baptiste Lammarck (1744-1829) Jean-Baptiste Lamarck's book, "PhilosophieZoologique" stated that animals evolved from simpler forms. Lamarck saw evolution as a goal oriented process striving towards perfection; analogous to species climbing a ladder. One result of this view was that he did not believe species became extinct, rather, they simply evolved into a different species, Erasmus Darwin , developed one of the first theories of evolution in his book, "Zoonomia." Erasmus thought that all life had evolved from one common ancestor which over time branched off into all the species we see today. He thought the transmutation of species was driven by competition and sexual selection, but he had no facts to support his theories. , Charles Darwin The theory of evolution by natural selection, first formulated in Darwin's book "On the Origin of Species" in 1859, is the process by which organisms change over time as a result of changes in heritable physical or behavioral traits. Changes that allow an organism to better adapt to its environment will help it survive and have more offspring. and Alfred Russel Wallace Wallace developed some of his most important ideas about natural selection during an eight-year expedition to what was then the Dutch East Indies — modern-day Indonesia — to observe wildlife and collect specimens. Few places on earth can rival this vast archipelago's tremendous diversity of plant and animal life.), The Earth and Uniformitarianism and Genetics (Gregor Mendel, through his work on pea plants, discovered the fundamental laws of inheritance. He deduced that genes come in pairs and are inherited as distinct units, one from each parent. Mendel tracked the segregation of parental genes and their appearance in the offspring as dominant or recessive traits. He recognized the mathematical patterns of inheritance from one generation to the next. and Francis Crick and James Watson
published a paper outlining their DNA double-helical structure in the scientific journal Nature in April 1953. To arrive at their groundbreaking discovery, they had used the work of English chemist Rosalind Franklin, a colleague of Maurice Wilkins's at King's College London, however, her contribution to their findings would go largely unrecognized until after her death.)