A Coggle Diagram about Werbner (2002) (Diasporas are chaorders inscribed materially and imaginatively in space, time and objectifying practices, Dispersed communities of moral co-responsibility, the place of diaspora as historical location: collective past and common destinity, Diasporas challenge the hegemony and boundedness of the nation-state? imaginaries of nationhood, long-distance nationalism (Anderson 1992), What makes a community "diasporic" and not "ethnic", Diasporas are embodiments of cultural, political and philanthropic sentimental performances.
Beyond the imaginary, they exist through material ̄ows of goods and money, through gestures of `giving’ , public service. Often these three dimensions of materiality culture, politics and philanthropy are intertwined (p8) and diaspora is a place which is both
a non-place and a multiplicity of places; a place marked by difference.), Critique: ( "Diaspora" suffers from 'groupism & 'methodological nationalism' and Vertovec (2007) bound to homelands but capable to develop a new life in their places of settlement) and Cohen (2008) (four phases of diaspora studies: 1. Diaspora, Expanded concept (forcer labour) 3. Reconceptualization of diapora 4. Consolidation of 3 core elements)