4.3 Normative discourses in homelessness
A Coggle Diagram about Causation ('New orthodoxy' discourse about causation is reductive - fails to account for agency
Farrugia & Hicks, 2015: 10
"The silent (and unintended) consequence of the desire to ameliorate homelessness within the terms of a neoliberal imagining of the social world, is the representation of homelessness as a discrete social problem caused by isolatable mechanisms and the rehearsal of problematic discourses of individual success and failure."
Flint 2009: 252
"observations also neglect the centrality of the agency of the subjects of governance"
..."this agency plays out in the (limited) spaces of manoeuvre available to homeless individuals and therefore indicates that processes and outcomes of governance attempts to manage marginalised indi- viduals are far from certain"
Flint 2009: 254
"focusing on financial measures, either as sanctions or incentives, negates the diverse range of motivations and challenges facing homeless individuals and marginalised house- holds."
Flint 2009: 255
"Critiques of coercive welfarism need a more nuanced understanding of the micro- physics of power within these new spaces of welfare provision (Holt, 2008), with a specific account given to the agency of the subjects of these new programmes and those involved in delivering them.", 'Sin talk' - the culpable individual, 'Sick talk' - the weak or vulnerable individual, 'System talk' - structural inequality and Obviating structural inequality, focusing on individual causes of homelessness
Farrugia & Hicks, 2015: 9
"In homelessness research, causal analysis converges with neoliberal governmentality by abstracting and disconnecting relations of power and privilege from their social context and reifying them as isolated variables defining different isolated problems."), Responsibilisation and homeless people, The role of values (Impact of norms in the social structure
Farrugia & Hicks, 2015: 12
"the task is to show how the extraordinary aspects of homelessness are themselves produced by practices of government that enact normative distinctions between ‘the homeless’ and ‘everyone else’"
Speak 2013: 143
"offers one conceptual viewpoint based on the role of ‘values’ in causing, and conditioning our under- standing of, homelessness. The work is underpinned by the belief that there are fundamental, structural causes of homelessness which must be acknowledged. However these are not experienced equally by all"
Speak 2013: 145
..."multiple, and often
conflicting, values can be seen as a direct cause of homelessness, or to condition both the experience of it and interventions to address it. The positivist approach to understanding homelessness seeks to identify a clear, measurable ‘regularity’ within the causal factors" and Impact of neoliberalism
Speak 2013: 146
"Macro-economic change and individual or household povertyare frequently perceived structural causes of homelessness. However, many people benefit from such change, as witnessed by the rise of educated middle classes in India and China, for example. The problem is not the economic change itself but theway in which the values embedded within dominant neo-liberal ideologies which propagate it are interpreted. These values, including weakening of the state intervention and prioritising individual responsibility, strengthening of the private sector, marketisation and capital investment, form"), Rights (Justiciable vs social
Anderson 2012: 253
"For those facing the most difficult circumstances, a rights-based response to homelessness may offer an enforceable or justiciable procedure which actually empowers individual households to resolve their housing situation (Fitzpatrick, 2009)...
"...Bengtsson (2001) has argued that in
more universalistic welfare states, social rights may be more appropriate and effective than justiciable rights"), Social inclusion and exclusion and International context (UK approaches comparatively less normative in tone
Fitzpatrick & Stephens 2014: 222
"responses in the UK2 were far less normative in tone and more practically focused," - compared to Sweden)