Foundation of Tech (Core Technology (Optical: Production of light,…
Foundation of Tech (Core Technology, (Criteria vs. Constraints vs. Trade-off
Criteria: are rules or directions that must be followed; they are the requirements that must be met.
Constraints: are restrictions that keep something from being the best that it can be.
Trade off: losing one quality or aspect of something in return for gaining another quality or aspect.
, Resources vs. Capital
Resources: the goods or services available to individuals and businesses used to produce valuable consumer products
Capital: a Project is a project that helps maintain or improve a City asset, often called infrastructure, Archimedes Principle: indicates that the upward buoyant force that is exerted on a body immersed in a fluid, whether fully or partially submerged, is equal to the weight of the fluid that the body displaces and it acts in the upward direction at the center of mass of the displaced fluid. , Open vs. Closed System
Open System: a system that has external interactions
Closed System: A system that does not allow certain types of transfers in or out of the system , Conductor vs. Semi-Conductor vs. Insulator
Conductor: an object or type of material that allows the flow of an electrical current in one or more directions
Semi-Conductor: are generally certain element and chemical compounds that allow, but still resist the flow of electricity
Insulator: a material that reduces or prevents the transmission of heat or sound or electricity. , Compressive Force: is the application of balanced Inward
Tensile Force: The stress applied to a material
Torsional Force: the twisting or wrenching of a body by the exertion of forces
Shear Force: Force acting on a substance in a direction perpendicular to the extension of the substance ), The Engineering Design Process, Universal Systems Model, (Innovation :make changes in something established, especially by introducing new methods, ideas, or products., Invention:the action of inventing something, typically a process or device, Technology: the collection of techniques, skills, methods and processes used in the production of goods or services or in the accomplishment of objectives, such as scientific investigation.), The strongest Geometric shape used is a Triangle Because their fixed angles and ability to distribute force evenly to the other sides. , Truss: is a structure that "consists of two-force members only, where the members are organized so that the assemblage as a whole behaves as a single object
Ex: Bridges, Roofs, Struts)