A Coggle Diagram about Role of Magic, Carnival (What:
Opposite day, centered on the theme of the world turned up side down.
Celebrated the pleasures of the flesh- eating, drinking, dancing and sexual pleasures. and When:
Began in January or February. ), Pageants and festivals , The Feast of Fools (When:
Held in December or Early January. , What:
Encouraged drinking, dancing, cross-dressing and the singing of bawdy songs. Mocked the behavior of the priests. and Why:
Mock the priests behavior, non sense prayers, allowed to express their true opinions of the church. ), Significance of rituals, Public humiliation: (Punishment of women: and Legal punishment: Placed in stocks or the pillory.
Minor offenders could be tied in a chair and wheeled round a parish(Church lands) or left out peoples homes to be ridiculed.
Scolds and prostitutes would be ducking stool most common in England in 17th century.
Corporal punishment was inflicted in Germany- people were forced to go through the street being whipped or birched.
Capital punishment were passed to serious crimes. This would be done by hanging, garrotting, beheaded, burned or breaking on the wheel. It was a popular gathering where women, men and children went to watch.), Safety Valve (Max Gluckman (1972)
agrees with the safety valve having importance relevance towards order in society. and Natalie Zenon Davis (1975)
Disagrees that the safety valve helps to keep order in society, but it actually creates more concerns and helps spread ideas amongst the community in the village. ) and Reasons for oppositions of Festivals:
Mocking religion- Religious leaders.
Promoting moral corruption- Religious Leaders
Links to demonic acts- Religious Leaders
Violence/ broody behavior- civil leaders.